Domino on Linux/Unix, Troubleshooting, Best Practices, Tips and more ...

 
alt

Daniel Nashed

 

Proxmox Virtualization -- Automatically deploying new LXC containers

Daniel Nashed  5 December 2021 11:21:27

Proxmox is a very interesting hypervisor based on open source technology.

It comes with ZFS support out of the box and provides VM virtualization and also LXC containers.
LXC containers are a lightweight way to run Linux servers -- But you should be aware the kernel form the Proxmox host is used in this case!
Domino currently does not support 5.x kernel coming with the underlying Debian 11, which is used by Proxmox!
But for a LAB environment this would be still a great choice and works.

I looked into Proxmox APIs and ended up with the command line options instead.
It is a wild mix between different command-line operations.
Sadly the hook-scripts inside the container did not work. So I run commands into the container to install the OpenSSH server (sshd).

The following script creates new LXC instances with Rocky Linux.

The only command I was able to get the disk size specified was "pct".
And it took a while to get this complete command line working.
So if you are looking into Proxmox and you want automation. This script can be a good starting point for your own ideas...

On my Proxmox 7.1.7 server it takes less than 15 seconds until I can log into the server using an existing SSH key!

-- Daniel

#!/bin/bash

# -------------------------------------------------------

HOSTNAME=rocky.nashcom.lab
IP_ADDR=192.168.1.123

DOMAIN=nashcom.org
SUBNET=192.168.1
GATEWAY=192.168.1.1
DNS_SERVER=8.8.8.8

CPU_CORES=2
MEMORY=2048
SWAP=512

DISK_POOL=zfs-pool
DISK_SIZE=24

OS_IMAGE=local:vztmpl/rockylinux-8-default_20210929_amd64.tar.xz
OS_TYPE=centos

SSH_PUB_KEY="ssh-ed25519 AAAAC3NzaC1lZDI1NTE5AAAAILkOzdFq8JOtYINEfBa+TFYTMZu0AmR1201uElLDominoaN nsh@nashcom.lab"
#ROOT_PASSWORD="my-secure-password-not-needed-with-ssh-key"

# -------------------------------------------------------


#get next free LXC ID
LXC_ID=$(pvesh get /cluster/nextid)

if [ -n "$1" ]; then
  HOSTNAME=$1
fi

if [ -z "$HOSTNAME" ]; then
  HOSTNAME=$LXC_ID.$DOMAIN
fi

if [ -n "$2" ]; then
  IP_ADDR=$2
fi

if [ -z "$IP_ADDR" ]; then
  IP_ADDR=$SUBNET.$LXC_ID
fi

if [ -n "$ROOT_PASSWORD" ]; then
  ROOT_PASSWORD_OPTION="--password $ROOT_PASSWORD"
fi

print_delim ()
{
  echo "--------------------------------------------------------------------------------"
}

wait_for_server_start()
{
  local count=0

  while [ $count -le 10 ]; do
    ping -c 1 $IP_ADDR > null 2>&1

    if [ "$?" = "0" ]; then
      return 0
    fi

    sleep 1
    count=`expr $count + 1`
  done

  return 1
}

print_delim

# Create server with predefined specifications and requested IP
pct create $LXC_ID $OS_IMAGE \
--rootfs $DISK_POOL:$DISK_SIZE \
--cores $CPU_CORES --memory $MEMORY --swap $SWAP \
--hostname $HOSTNAME --nameserver $DNS_SERVER --searchdomain $DOMAIN \
--net0 name=eth0,bridge=vmbr0,firewall=0,gw=$GATEWAY,ip=$IP_ADDR/24,type=veth \
--ostype $OS_TYPE --start 1 --onboot 1 --description "auto generated"

print_delim

wait_for_server_start

lxc-attach -n $LXC_ID  -- yum install -y openssh-server
lxc-attach -n $LXC_ID  -- systemctl enable --now sshd
lxc-attach -n $LXC_ID  -- ssh-keygen -t ed25519 -f ~/.ssh/id_ed25519 -N ""
lxc-attach -n $LXC_ID  -- bash -c "echo $SSH_PUB_KEY > ~/.ssh/authorized_keys"

echo
echo
print_delim
echo "LXC Container created"
print_delim
echo "LXC ID:     $LXC_ID"
echo "Host name:  $HOSTNAME"
echo "IP address: $IP_ADDR"
print_delim
echo




Links

    Archives


    • [IBM Lotus Domino]
    • [Domino on Linux]
    • [Nash!Com]
    • [Daniel Nashed]