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Daniel Nashed

Anyone using ZFS on Linux for Domino?

Daniel Nashed – 7 June 2021 09:24:04

ZFS ( is a quite interesting file system. I have looked into it before but never had the strong requirement to use it.
Beside the license challenges and that it isn't part of the major distributions, I really really like what I see on first look.

For Domino Backup we have another good reason to look into ZFS.

Beside BTRFS this is the only Linux file system with out of the box snapshot support.

For ext4 you can eventually get it working with LVM snapshots. But this doesn't look like a scalable good to maintain approach.

I have a customer running on Proxmox virtualization with ZFS for a long time. And they are quite happy.

For them it was a logical choice because Proxmox is leveraging ZFS in their platform.

ZFS makes a lot of sense an different settings make sense for different environments and data loads.

There are mainly 3 aspects I am interested in:

  • Snapshots

    This is my current main motivation. With Domino Backup having a way to snapshot the file system would be a very convenient way to backup and restore.
    What ZFS offers is exactly what we need.

    - command-line integration for creating a snapshot
    - tagging snapshots with a reference to find them
    - mounting snapshots for restore
  • Deduplication

    When it comes to Domino live data, deduplication can save you up to 30% of space.
    But the down side would be reduced performance and higher RAM requirements.
    So probably deduplication is not a good idea for live data.
  • Compression

    Similar to deduplication this would save some disk space but also reduces the performance.
    I have tested with my own 10 GB mail file that compression can provided the same 30% reduction and lead to zero deduplication
But there are other advantages as well
  • On-line Defragmentation
  • Pooled easy to use flexible storage
  • Easy to extend
  • Support for additional data sets for resilience

Deduplication & Compression not suitable for NSF & Co - But as a backup target!

Deduplication and Compression don't sound like a good match for Domino NSF, translog, NIF or FT data.

But they sound like a very good option for DAOS files when hosted for multiple servers -- for example one server hosting them over NFS.

If using ZFS for a remote storage pool to backup your Domino data (based on snapshots) sounds like a great solution offering high level of deduplication.

I have tested with databases modified over time (without a copy style compact of course). And the data deduplication rate was very high.


My current take is Domino Backup optimization.

ZFS offers a very easy to use and flexible interface to create snapshots.

And they can be mounted as a volume on the fly.

So they can be either used as backup or to provide a consistent source for backup with Domino V12 backup in snapshot mode.

Your feedback

I am currently looking into it. But I would really like to see if anyone out there is using ZFS for Domino production work-loads already.

And specially what experience you have with features like deduplication and compression.


1Mikhail  07.06.2021 10:40:06  Anyone using ZFS on Linux for Domino?

Currently I'm using ZFS for all domino instances (as proxmox containers over ZFS datasets)

backup scenarios for pre v12 Domino:

1 - shutdown container, snapshot (ZFS), ziffs send -I ... (to remote ZFS pool)

2 - replicate DBs in Notes (Kim guest) , shutdown/snapshot/zfs send

I'm not using dedup (memory consumption), only compression.

For me ZFS is very useful and comfortable FS and Volume Manager

2Daniel Nashed  07.06.2021 15:42:26  Anyone using ZFS on Linux for Domino?

@Mikhail, thanks for your feedback.

I see the same here. In my frist tests compression sounds like even boosting I/O performance.

Deduplication is really slowing down operations. That's why I would mainly see it for DAOS if multiple servers use the same storage pool -- as mentioned via NFS etc.

My idea is really to use ZFS storage for storage optimization and also for snapshot backup.

I pinged you offline for details about your experience.

-- Daniel

3Uwe  08.06.2021 14:56:55  Anyone using ZFS on Linux for Domino?

We are using Open-E JovianDSS (based on ZFS) in a HA Metro-Cluster FC configuration as SAN storage solution for our VMware environment.

We do ZFS without deduplication and (still) without compression and are satisfied with the solution in terms of price/performance/service so far.

Currently no Domino server is running in this environment, but it is planned ;)



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